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BARC


Mandate

To carry out Research and Development in the area of chemical sciences under the following themes:
* Directed Basic Research
* Contribution to current societal needs
Major R & D Activities
1- Studies related to nuclear materials

2–Hydrogen Energy

3- Nanotherapeutics and Biosensors

4– High Purity materials & Organometallics

5– Functional materials and Nano composites

6- Theoretical Chemistry
7- Instrumentation and Development Work


Highlights


2/2020

Magnetic-luminescent hybrid materials based on YVO4:5Eu3+ nanoparticles and Fe3O4 were developed which show excellent luminescence in the biological window and magnetic hyperthermia effect.



12/2019

A method has been developed to functionalize gold nanoparticles with lanreotide peptide for selective targeting to somatostatin receptor rich cancer cells.



3/2019

Indigenously developed, hand held H2S sensor based on SnO2 thin film deployed at the ONGC, Uran plant. The sensors are working satisfactorily in Uran plant.




Facilities

01-06-2015

SAXS evaluates the X-ray scattering pattern of macromolecules at small angles to get information about their particle structure
\r\n
\r\nScattering angles: 0.2° - 10 ° D = 1 nm - 100 nm
\r\nSource: Cu-Ka Detector: CCD
\r\n
\r\n


01-06-2015

SAXS evaluates the X-ray scattering pattern of macromolecules at small angles to get information about their particle structure
\r\n
\r\nScattering angles: 0.2° - 10 ° D = 1 nm - 100 nm
\r\nSource: Cu-Ka Detector: CCD
\r\n
\r\n


01-06-2015

This system allows to deposit thin films by LB technique, which provides highly ordered thin films of various organic materials based on amphiphilic molecules.
\r\nCurrently used for preparing thin films used in gas sensor, biosensor and solar photovoltaics
\r\n


01-06-2015

Electrochemical studies and impedance analysis of thin films , liquids etc
\r\n
\r\nUsed in Gas sensing and solar photovolatics research
\r\n


01-06-2015

Useful in idenitfying biomolecular interactions.
\r\nUsed in the development of biosensors
\r\n


01-06-2015

Used to characterise rheological parameters (viscosity, shear modulus etc) of complex fluids
\r\nCorrelation of microstructural paramaters of nanostructured materials
\r\n


01-06-2015

Useful to characterise nanoparticle size and surface charge.
\r\nComplementary to Small angle Neutron Scattering studies done in collaboration with SSPD (Dhruva Reactor).
\r\nCurrently used for drug delivery research
\r\n


01-06-2015

This is a sensitive instrument to measure enthalpy change accompany any physical and chemical change in the sample. The temperature range of measurement is 150-1000 K.
\r\n
\r\nThis instrument is currently employed to measure heat capacity of fluoride and oxide samples.
\r\n


01-06-2015

Measures enthalpy change accompanying
\r\ndissolution of oxides, alloys in a known solvent.
\r\nThe instrument gives useful data on standard molar enthalpy of formation of compounds.
\r\n
\r\n The standard molar enthalpy of formation of
\r\nlarge number of compounds of fission products
\r\nhave been determined using this technique
\r\n


01-06-2015

It is used to measure
\r\nEnthalpy of formation
\r\nEnthalpy of mixing
\r\nHeat capacity
\r\n
\r\nTemperature range: 298-1000 K
\r\n
\r\nHeat capacity and enthalpy of formation of
\r\nlarge number of compounds of fission
\r\nproducts of AHWR system have been
\r\ndetermined.
\r\n


01-06-2015

Used to measure mass changes of decomposition
\r\nreactions as a function of temperature. It can be also be used
\r\nto determine melting point, phase transition
\r\n temperature , heat of reaction. The instrument is
\r\nmost suitable to delineate phase diagram of multi-
\r\ncomponent systems.
\r\nEGA components helps in identifying the non
\r\ncondensable gases.
\r\n
\r\nA large number samples (>2000) from our group,
\r\nfrom the our division and from other divisions have
\r\nbeen analyzed using this instrument. Currently this
\r\ninstrument is used for the analysis of MSBR and core
\r\ncatcher samples. Phase diagram of many binary and
\r\nternary systems have been delineated
\r\n


01-06-2015

Used to measure mass changes of decomposition
\r\nreactions as a function of temperature. It can be also be used
\r\nto determine melting point, phase transition
\r\n temperature , heat of reaction. The instrument is
\r\nmost suitable to delineate phase diagram of multi-
\r\ncomponent systems.
\r\nEGA components helps in identifying the non
\r\ncondensable gases.
\r\n
\r\nA large number samples (>2000) from our group,
\r\nfrom the our division and from other divisions have
\r\nbeen analyzed using this instrument. Currently this
\r\ninstrument is used for the analysis of MSBR and core
\r\ncatcher samples. Phase diagram of many binary and
\r\nternary systems have been delineated
\r\n



Technologies Developed

01-03-2021

The Extra-Cellular Acidity Analyzer (ECAA) can measure extracellular acidity in the
\r\nmicroenvironment of live cells in real time. Lactic acid production is the main contributor
\r\nto extracellular acidification and is correlated to the rate of glycolysis. Due to abnormal
\r\nmetabolism and rapid growth, cancer cells are known to have high rate of glycolysis which
\r\nresults in higher extracellular acidity as compared to normal cells. To sense this basic
\r\ndifference between normal and cancer cells, we have developed a sensor to measure
\r\nextracellular pH that can be used as an indirect tool to detect cancer. The extracellular
\r\nacidity values of various cancer cell lines measured using ECAA match well with the values
\r\nreported in literature using other methods. The sensor can also be used for evaluating
\r\nefficacy of glycolysis inhibiting anti-cancer drugs for its application in screening of drug
\r\ncandidates.


01-03-2021

Curcumin is the major active ingredient in turmeric which is known in India as a medicinal herb since ancient times. It is known to
\r\npossess excellent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and anti-arthritic activities. Four different formulations have been
\r\ndeveloped with curcumin as a key ingredient.


01-03-2021

Ultrapure arsenic (6N) finds extensive application in
\r\nelectronics industry as III-V compound
\r\nsemiconductors and as a dopant. Arsenic (6N pure)
\r\nat present is not manufactured in India and needs
\r\nimport. BARC has standardized a protocol for
\r\nproducing 6N (99.9999%) pure arsenic from
\r\ncommercially available arsenic trioxide (99.9%). The
\r\nproduct quality obtained is equal to or better than
\r\nthe imported product.


01-03-2021

Zone refining is a technique used to purify material
\r\nwith sharp melting points from 99.95% to
\r\n99.9999+% and above. It is being widely used in
\r\nthe semiconductor industry for refining of
\r\ngermanium and silicon to purity levels of 9N and
\r\nabove (i.e. >=99.9999999%) also for organic
\r\ncompounds having sharp melting points.


01-03-2021

Lithium ion batteries are one of the best energy storage systems due to their inherent safety, higher capacity and lower
\r\nweight. These batteries are very useful in various sectors like telecommunication, transportation and different portable
\r\nelectrical devices. Other advantages of lithium ion battery include their (a) light weight (b) high open circuit voltage (c) low
\r\ndischarge rate. Battery containing NMC based cathode exhibit higher voltage, higher capacity and high rate capability.


01-03-2021

Lithium-ion batteries are one of the best energy storage systems due to their inherent
\r\nsafety, higher capacity and lower weight. In a lithium-ion battery, lithium ions migrate from
\r\nthe negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge, and back on re-charging.
\r\nThe carbon coated lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) is better
\r\nchoice as cathode because of its low cost, thermal stability and environment friendliness.
\r\nAt present carbon is used as anode material. However, large amount of materials is
\r\nrequired as well as carbon become stresses upon electrochemical cycling.


01-03-2021

Gas sensors are usually operated at high temperature to achieve fast response and
\r\nreversibility and this leads to shorter lifetime of the sensor. Nanocrystalline SnO2
\r\nthin films fabricated from the thermal decomposition of Langmuir Blodgett (LB) film
\r\nprecursor, exhibit room temperature gas sensitivity comparable to that required for
\r\nair quality monitoring. LB technique offers control over SnO2 film thickness and
\r\ncrystallite size. By controlling the crystallite size and film thickness room
\r\ntemperature operation is achieved. The sensor is specific to SO2 gas at room
\r\ntemperature and shows fast response and recovery without any carrier gas flow.
\r\nThe stability studies indicated that these sensors are stable at least for a year with
\r\nno significant change in sensitivity.


01-03-2021

Gas sensors are usually operated at high temperature to achieve fast response and
\r\nreversibility and this leads to shorter lifetime of the sensor. Nanocrystalline SnO2
\r\nthin films fabricated from the thermal decomposition of Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) film
\r\nprecursor, exhibit room temperature gas sensitivity comparable to that required for
\r\nair quality monitoring. LB technique offers control over SnO2 film thickness and
\r\ncrystallite size. By controlling the crystallite size and film thickness room
\r\ntemperature operation is achieved. The sensor is specific to NH3 gas at room
\r\ntemperature and shows fast response and recovery without any carrier gas flow.
\r\nThe stability studies of the sensor indicated that these sensors are stable at least for
\r\na year with no significant change in sensitivity.


01-03-2021

The increasing demand of gallium based materials (e.g. GaAs, GaP, GaN, etc) for micro-electronic devices (e.g. optoelectronic devices, solar
\r\npanels) has been a driving force for the preparation of organogallium compounds in a convenient manner. Special stoichiometric magnesiumgallium alloys are versatile reagents used for the synthesis of a range of organogallium compounds. The latter find application in organometallic
\r\nchemistry, catalysis and in materials science for gallium based semiconductors of gallium based semiconductor materials (e.g. GaAs, GaN, GaP,
\r\nGaSb, InGaAs, InGaN, AlGaInP, InGaP and AlInGaNP) via metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE).


01-03-2021

Hydrogen sulfide is a toxic and flammable gas, usually generated in sewages, swamps, mines etc. Hydrogen sulfide gas detector finds application
\r\nin petroleum refineries, paper mills, tanneries and other industries, laboratories, and in heavy water plants where it is used as a process gas. It is
\r\nimperative that the gas should be detected in ppm levels in air by selective and sensitive sensors. We have exploited surface conductivity of
\r\nhydrogen terminated diamond films to detect trace levels (<1ppm) of hydrogen sulfide at room temperature.


01-03-2021

Trimethylgallium, Ga(CH3)3 , often abbreviated to TMG or TMGa, commonly used metalorganic source of gallium for metalorganic vapour phase
\r\nepitaxy (MOVPE) for preparation of gallium-containing compound semiconductors used in fabricaton of optoelectronic devices and solar panels.
\r\nIn our synthetic method the intermediate adduct of TMG is prepared which has no such limitation & can be stored for long time without any
\r\nstringent safety precautions.


01-03-2021

Of the thermoluminescence phosphors, dysprosium doped calcium
\r\nsulphate (CaSO4:Dy) phosphor is one of the most efficient phosphors
\r\nfor use in radiation dosimetry, i.e. for monitoring the radiation
\r\n(Gamma or X-ray) dose received by personnel working with radiation.



Show Cases

BARC

Directed research

BARC

Sensor technologies

BARC

Cancer Therapies

BARC

Hydrogen Energy

06-Sep-2022