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Safety of Nuclear Reactors

Design level Safety Radiological Protection during OperationsManagement of Radioactive Waste Preparedness for Nuclear Emergency


Safety of Nuclear Reactors

All nuclear facilities are sited, designed, constructed, commissioned and operated in accordance with strict quality and safety standards. The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) frames the policies and lays down safety standards and requirements. It also monitors and enforces all the safety provisions. The AERB exercises regulatory control through a stage-wise system of licensing. This has resulted in India’s excellent record in operation of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs).

Nuclear Power Plants

Nuclear Power Plant


The safety of the reactors and their operations is ensured by:

  1. “Defence-in-Depth” philosophy at Design level
  2. Radiation exposures “As low as Reasonably Achievable (ALARA)” at Operations level
  3. Management of Radioactive Waste and
  4. Preparedness for nuclear emergency