» R & D » Chemical Sciences

Core R & D Areas

Analytical methodologies using thermal, electrochemical and nuclear techniques as tools

Exploration of new organic materials for use in nuclear applications and bio-organics for nonnuclear and societal applications

Use of Lasers and accelerator for R&D related to nuclear fuel cycle

Antioxidants and radio-protectors

Time-resolved spectroscopy

Interdisciplinary basic research at the interface between Chemistry, Physics, Materials Sciences, Chemical Engineering and Biology to provide an understanding and rationalisation of observed physico-chemical phenomena

Problems faced in the water coolant systems of nuclear reactors and corrosion studies

Materials characterisation using special techniques and evaluation of physical and chemical properties

Phase Diagrams and modeling

Characterisation of fuels

Determination of major (U,Pu) and minor elements using various radioanalytical techniques

Actinide chemistry and actinide spectroscopy

Functional materials and structure property correlation

Radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals for medical applications

Troubleshooting, process optimisation and flow pattern assessment of industrial process systems, sediment transport studies in ports and harbours and development of Digital Radiography and Tomographic NDT imaging systems under the isotope applications programme

Water resources development and management using Isotope Hydrology

Material modification using electron beam and gamma radiation technology

Hydrogen storage and development of energy materials

Nanobiotechnology, remediation, material characterisation and bio-sensors

Carbon-based materials for nuclear and non-nuclear applications

The research mandate on Chemical Sciences in BARC, encompasses both basic and applied areas of Analytical Chemistry, Bio-organic Chemistry, Materials Chemistry, Radiation and Photochemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, Water and Steam Chemistry, Fuel Chemistry, Radioanalytical and Radiochemistry, Radiopharmaceuticals, Radiation Technology, Radiation medicine as well as Isotope Applications and Compositional Characterisation of materials. Research on Basic Chemistry is focused on organometallic materials, nano and soft condensed matter, atomic/molecular clusters, catalysis, generation and storage of Hydrogen. Research and development in applied areas focuses on: radioisotopes and radiation technology applications in industry, health care and for societal benefits.

Some recent developments include: Determination of Uranium in seawater; Ultratrace Elemental Characterisation in high purity materials and biological samples; Testing of sorbents used for decontamination of potable water; Development of Solvents for An(III)/Ln(iii) as well as Zr(IV)/Hf(IV) separations in the Back-end of the fuel cycle; Design and synthesis of functional molecules required for various programs; Development of an indigenous database on thermophysical properties of Thoriumbased metallic alloy fuels for future advanced reactors; Provision of specialised analytical services to various programs of DAE; Establishing preparative methodologies for high purity materials of strategic importance; Development and Commissioning of State-of-the-art experimental facilities; Setting up of a Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation (VSFG) to investigate molecular structure and dynamics at surfaces and interfaces; Establishment of engineering loops for simulation studies of primary, secondary and tertiary coolant systems of PHWRs; Kinetic studies on oxidation behavior of alloys of relevance to nuclear technology and Development of Palladium alloy membrane for purification of Hydrogen isotopes.

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Structure of [UO<sub>2</sub>C<sub>l2</sub>(DPPFO<sub>2</sub>)]

Structure of [UO2Cl2(DPPFO2)]


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Development of Diamond-based alpha particle detector

Development of Diamond-based alpha particle detector
(a) SEM micrograph of a high quality oriented polycrystalline diamond film
(b) Growth and characterisation of Diamond film using CVD method.
(c) Alpha particle detectors

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Atomic beam fluorescence spectrometer developed for high precision measurements of isotope shifts and hyperfine structure

Atomic beam fluorescence spectrometer developed for high precision measurements of isotope shifts and hyperfine structure