Dr. Sekhar Basu graduated in Mechanical Engineering from VJTI, University of Mumbai in 1974. On completion of the one-year BARC Training School programme, he joined the Reactor Engineering Division, BARC in the year 1975.
President Pranab Mukherjee presentsPadma Shri award to Dr. Sekhar Basu, Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC). The awarding ceremony was held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 31.03.2014.
Dr. Basu served as Project Director of the Prototype Marine Nuclear Propulsion Plant and subsequently as Chief Executive of the Nuclear Recycle Board. He has been guiding several programmes related to the development and operation of nuclear recycle plants, involving fuel reprocessing and nuclear waste management.
Dr. Basu and his colleagues are mainly responsible for evolving strategies for safe radioactive disposal of waste in gas, liquid and solid forms containing various levels of radioactivity He is also involved in the effective management of nuclear waste which includes segregation, characterisation, handling, treatment, conditioning and monitoring prior to final disposal. He has vast industrial operating experience in safe management of different kinds of radioactive wastes including high level liquid waste. Public acceptance of nuclear energy largely depends on safe management of nuclear waste and Dr. Basu has developed best practices for all the back-end operations of the closed fuel cycle for the Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors.
As Project Director of the Prototype Marine Nuclear Propulsion Plant, Dr. Basu was responsible for the successful development of all activities related it. This multidisciplinary project involved in the design and development of a very large number of components for reactor, steam systems, electrical and instrumentation systems. A number of test facilities were established for the development and testing of equipment and systems for the plant. This plant of strategic importance was built at Kalpakkam and is operational. Presently research and training facilities have been established around the plant for development of propulsion plant components and for training of personnel.
At present Dr. Basu as Chief Executive, Nuclear Recycle Board, is responsible for the design, development, construction and operation of nuclear recycle plants involving reprocessing and waste management. He has designed and built reprocessing plants, fuel storage facilities and nuclear waste treatment facilities at Trombay, Tarapur and Kalpakkam. The job also involves execution of R&D projects for the development of components, systems and processes for upgrade of plant performance and addressing environmental issues. Dr. Basu has also been responsible for the remote decommissioning of the Joule Heated Ceramic Melter which was used for vitrification of High Level Waste at Tarapur. This operation has provided valuable inputs for the "design for decommissioning" concept.
Dr. Basu has taken up the design of the first Integrated Nuclear Recycle Plant which will take the Indian Nuclear Recycle Programme to a greater level of maturity and pave the way for complete solutions to the back-end of the nuclear power programme. The plant, presently in an advanced stage of design, will provide long term energy security to the country.
Earlier in his career, Dr. Basu carried out an in-depth study of design fuel elements for the Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) at Tarapur and also worked on issues related to the transportation of nuclear materials. Dr. Basu has several publications to his credit in national and international journals. He has worked extensively on evaluating non-uniform residual stresses in nuclear materials using several destructive and nondestructive techniques and also validated the observations through in-depth numerical simulations.
Dr. Basu represented India in concluding ‘Arrangements and Procedures’ with the US Government for reprocessing US hypothecated fuel. He also represented India at the ‘Spent Fuel Management Conference’ held at the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna to showcase the Indian strategy for management of spent fuel from Power Reactors.
The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) (Tokamak based Fusion Reactor) Project, in which India is one of the participating countries, is coming up at Cadarache, France. Dr. Basu is the Chairman of the International Design Review Committee for heat removal and cooling water systems for the programme, which will provide long term energy security for the world community.
Dr. Basu has been conferred several awards and these include: Indian Nuclear Society Award 2002, DAE Group Achievement Award 2006 and the DAE Special Achievement Award 2007. He is also a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineers (INAE).